Medications for Conjunctivitis

Medications may be needed to treat conjunctivitis. The kind of medications that are used is going to depend on the cause of the conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis is treated by antihistamines both in eye drops and orally. Oral antihistamines can be purchased over the counter and includes loratadine that is found on Claritin and Alavert. There are also prescription oral antihistamines such as cetirizine, or Zyrtec, fexofenadine, or Allegra, and desloratadine, or Clarinex.

Some people still use the over the counter oral anihistamines, such as Benadryl, because they are fast acting but they can also make you sedated by regular use. There are antihistamine eye drops available over the counter and by prescription as well. Over the counter eye drops come as decongestants such as Visine or Naphcon, and combination of decongestant with anti-histamines such as Visine-A or Naphcon-A. Eye drops that contain decongestants, wether they have anti-histamines or not, are only recommended for short term use.

If they are used too much they can actually make the redness and inflammation associated with conjunctivitis more severe. They can also not be used by this with glaucoma and should be used cautiously by this with height blood pressure or heart issues. The FDA has approved Zaditor, previously only available by prescription, for over the counter use. This eye drop contains ketotoifen that works like a anti-histamine as well as prevents the release of chemicals that cause inflammation.

Its over the counter name is Alaway and is okay to use for a more prolonged period of time, unlike other over the counter decongestant eye drops. If over the counter eye drops are not helping, there are also prescription eye drop options. There are five main types of prescription eye drops and they differ on how the medication in them works to help the conjunctivitis. First, there are eye drops that contain the anti-histamine emedastine, which are prescribed for allergic conjunctivitis to be used as needed.

Second there are, eye drops that stabilize mast cells work to prevent allergic conjunctivitis for chronic sufferers. They contain cromolyn (Crolom), lodoxamide (Alomide), nedocromil (Alocril) and pemirolast (Alamast). They need to be used on a daily basis to be fully effective and not just as needed. Third, some of the newest prescription eye drops are going to be a combination of both. They include olopatadine (Patanol), azelastine (Optivar), epinastine (Elestat) and ketotifen (Zaditor). These eye drops not only block histamines but stop the mast cells from being able to release the chemicals that cause the allergic reaction.

Fourth, there are eye drops that contain anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal such as ketorolac (Acular). They are made specifically for treating allergic conjunctivitis and work much like ibuprofen.

Fifth, there are steroidal eye drops the contain corticosteroid. Since they can lead to sever eye problems they can only be used when all else has failed and under close doctor care. One kind is loteprednol (Alrex) that can be used on a short term basis to get an infection under control. Generally they are only used for seven to ten days and with other eye drops listed above.

© 2010, . All rights reserved.

Bookmark and Share

No related posts.

Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.

Leave a Reply

Spam Protection by WP-SpamFree