Archive for the ‘Treatments’ Category

 

A virus often causes conjunctivitis and this can occur in people of all ages. There are several viruses that can cause viral conjunctivitis but the most common is adenovirus, with the herpes simplex v being the second most common. Some less common viruses that lead to conjunctivitis are varicell zoser as well as HIV. While viral conjunctivitis usually clears up on its own, it generally lasts longer than other types of conjunctivitis, taking two to four weeks to clear up instead of seven to ten days.

Viral conjunctivitis itself is not treatable but there are treatments that can help to alleviate some of the symptoms while waiting for it to run its course. Over the counter eye drops that are labeled as artificial tears can be used to help alleviate inflammation. Antihistamines, both oral and topical, can be used to stop the itching but are only mildly effective. Sometimes eye drops that contain antibiotics will be prescribed to prevent the viral conjunctivitis from turning into an infection.

As a last resort, eye drops that contain steroids can be used for viral conjunctivitis that is not clearing on its own. They should only be used under close doctor care because, if not used properly or for too long, they can cause permanent eye damage and vision impairment. Topical antiviral treatments are only really effective if the viral conjunctivitis is caused by the herpes simplex v. Regardless of the treatment, people with viral conjunctivitis need to get plenty of rest and drink a lot of water to help speed up the healing process.

Also there are some supplements such as vitamin C, A and Zinc that can help speed recovery by boosting the immune system. Many people find a great deal of relief from inflammation by using cold compresses and also by washing their eyes with cool water. Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious in close proximity of an infected person, so preventive measures must be taken to stop the spread of the virus.

Contact lenses should not be worn until infection is completely cleared. All worn contacts and their cases should be thrown out to avoid re-infection. Makeup should never be shared and should be thrown out along with any applicators used with it. The infected person and anyone they are around need to be sure to wash their hands often. Also any surfaces they come in to contact with should be disinfected continuously. Wash cloths, towels and bedding used by someone with viral conjunctivitis should be washed immediately in hot water.

 

Allergic conjunctivitis or eye allergies can cause eyes to be red, itchy and swollen that can be anywhere from a mild annoyance to a severe debilitation. This allergic reaction in the eyes has many causes such as animal dander or hair as well as pollen from plants, trees and flowers. Fortunately, there are many prescription eye drops available on the market today that can help clear up a case of allergic conjunctivitis.

PATADAY is an ophthalmic solution of .2% olopatadine hydrochloride and is also called PATANOL S solution in some markets. It has two times as many active ingredients as its predecessor, PATANOL solution. It is the first eye drop that has been approved for daily use to treat and prevent cases of allergic conjunctivitis. If you wear contacts you have to wait at least ten minutes after using it to put them in. Also the tip of the bottle should never touch the eye directly or it may become contaminated. It is not recommended for children under three.

The side effect that is seen most is a slight headache, but some people have reported vision that is blurry, stinging, nauseating, or burning. If these symptoms occur the eye drop should be stopped immediately and your doctor contacted for a different treatment for your allergic conjunctivitis. OPATANOL is another ophthalmic solution but it contains .1% olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution instead. It is the most popular prescription eye drop for treating allergic conjunctivitis symptoms but is not meant for daily usage. It has the same instructions for contacts as well as the same side effects as PATADAY.

Bacterial conjunctivitis, an eye infection caused by bacteria, is treated with eye drops that contain antibiotics. The bacteria can infect the eye after a person comes in contact with another infected person. They are not using proper contact lens procedures or possibly it occurred during eye surgery or other eye trauma. There are also more than one kind of prescription eye drops for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis, VIGAMOX being the most commonly prescribed.

VIGAMOX, an ophthalmic solution that has an active ingredient of .5% moxifloxacin HCI, is an eye drop that contains antibiotics and was formulated to treat eye infections including bacterial conjunctivitis. Children under 1 should not use it. A decreased sense of visual acuity is commonly associated with its uses but people have also reported other side effects such as stinging, burning, itching and increased redness of the eye as well as a possible rash.

While viral conjunctivitis has to clear up on it own, there are prescription eye drops that can help relieve the inflammation associated with it and this can make the sufferer more comfortable as they wait for the viral conjunctivitis to run its course. One such eye drop is NEVANAC which is an ophthalmic suspension that has .1% nepafenac to treat the inflammation and pain associated with viral conjunctivitis. The eye drops can also cause visual acuity as well as a feeling of pressure or a foreign object in the eye.

 

While conjunctivitis can appear in adults, it is most common in children. Normally children are affected by a mild case of conjunctivitis that occurs when the conjunctiva has been exposed to a virus, bacteria, an irritant or allergen. Conjunctivitis can occur in children of any age including newborns. Newborns generally get conjunctivitis through bacteria that are acquired while in the birth canal. All newborns have their eyes treated with antibiotic drops or topical ointments as soon as they are born to prevent conjunctivitis. However, the drop and ointment can cause allergic reactions in some infants that can cause allergic conjunctivitis to occur.

Older children commonly contract the viral version of conjunctivitis due to several possible viral infections but most often the adeno or entero virus causes it. Viral conjunctivitis can also have cold symptoms that come along with it. Children can still get Bacterial conjunctivitis that is usually caused by Staph or strep bacteria as well as phneumococcus and H flu bacteria. More often than not, children will also have an ear infection along with the bacterial conjunctivitis. If a child has pre-existing allergies then they are more susceptible to allergic conjunctivitis because their allergies will set off the inflammation of the conjunctiva. Irritants such as smog, smoke, or chemicals, can also cause conjunctivitis in any child if their eyes are exposed to them. Redness is the most common conjunctivitis symptom and the reason why it is also called pink eye. Also there will be itching and irritation. All the various types of conjunctivitis have discharge.

Allergic conjunctivitis discharge is usually clear and is in the form of excessive tearing. Viral conjunctivitis will also have this excessive tearing but will also have thin yellow or green mucus-like discharge. Bacterial conjunctivitis will have a thicker discharge. Most conjunctivitis cases will clear up on their own, especially if they are due to allergies, irritants or viruses. Eye drops and ointments can be obtained by prescription and over the counter to help alleviate some of the symptoms while waiting for it to clear up. If it is a bacterial infection then prescription eye drops and ointments with antibiotics will be needed to kill the bacteria. Also to help ease the suffering from the symptoms, cold and warm compresses, as well as eye washing, can be done every couple of hours. Just be sure to throw out or wash right away any washcloths or other materials used because they can be very contagious.

 

Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually treated with eye drops that contain antibiotics. If it is viral or due to herpes however, the antibiotic eye drops will not work. This is because antibiotics only kill bacteria, not viruses. Most viral infections just have to run their course. There are over the counter eye drops and creams that can be used to help with some of the symptoms, such as inflammation, burning, and itching, whether it is bacterial or viral conjunctivitis.

Usually the symptoms will get worse for the first few days and then start to ease up. Viral conjunctivitis should clear up in two to three weeks. If not, a doctor should be seen to be sure it is not something else. There are also prescription eye drops that can be given by a doctor to help with the symptoms of both kinds of conjunctivitis. These include eye drops containing anti-inflammatory, decongestant, antihistamine and/or steroid medications.

All medications need to be used as prescribed and for the entire length of treatment prescribed. The wearing of contact lenses can have an effect on treatment. Contact lenses should be discarded as well as their carrying cases and any open bottles of solution. Infected contact lens wearers need to be sure that their conjunctivitis is completely gone before wearing contacts again. Symptoms of conjunctivitis can be treated by home remedies as well.

There are several soothing options to help combat the irritation and discomfort associated with conjunctivitis. This can be done with warm and cold compresses. Just take a sterile, lint free cloth and soak it in either hot or cold water. Wring out all the excess water and let the cloth sit on the eye(s) for ten minutes. This can stop the itching and lower the swelling which will help with the discomfort. Be sure not to rub the eyes because this will only make the symptoms worse.

Of course extra attention should be paid to personal hygiene and hand washing while infected. All towels and wash cloths used by an infected person need to be washed immediately. All surfaces they come in to contact with should be disinfected often as well. Also pillowcases and other bedding should be washed daily until infection clears completely. Any make-up that was being used should be thrown out and never shared with others.

 

Conjunctivitis is usually a viral or bacterial infection that will clear up on its own in a couple weeks without treatment. However, there are a few natural treatments you can do at home to help alleviate the symptoms and speed the recovery. They can also help to keep the conjunctivitis from spreading. The symptoms for viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are similar with itchy, inflammation, watery eyes that are severely red and yellowish discharge.

Chamomile tea can be used as either an eye wash or on a warm compress. Simply boil chamomile leave in a cup of water, cool and wash eye with it using a sterile eye cup. You can also soak a sterile cloth that is lint free in the tea while hot for a compress or cool it in the fridge to make a cold compress. You need to change the cloth and re-sterilize the eye cup after each treatment. You can repeat as often as needed to help decrease the inflammation, swelling and itching of conjunctivitis.

Ginger tea can also be used which works as an anti-inflammatory and can be used in the same way. You should also repeatedly wash your hands and eyes throughout the day with a vinegar solution that has 1 teaspoon of vinegar for every cup of water. This will help to kill any virus or bacteria that may be present on your hands or around your eyes. You can also try diluted honey as well.

Straight honey can also be applied directly to the eyes and then washed off after a few minutes because of its antibacterial properties. A good way to combat and prevent any infection is to start on the inside with your immune system and conjunctivitis is no exception. You can do this by increasing your intake of vitamin c, vitamin a, zinc and garlic. You can also drink a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in water before each meal.

To disinfect your home naturally you can use hydrogen peroxide and vinegar but not mixed together. Simply put each solution in its own spray bottles. With both solutions several times a day clean any surfaces that the infected person may come in contact with including toys, door knobs, counter tops, telephones and remotes. If symptoms do not clear up within two weeks and if there is severe pain, vision problems or flu like symptoms then you need to consult a doctor.

 

Medications may be needed to treat conjunctivitis. The kind of medications that are used is going to depend on the cause of the conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis is treated by antihistamines both in eye drops and orally. Oral antihistamines can be purchased over the counter and includes loratadine that is found on Claritin and Alavert. There are also prescription oral antihistamines such as cetirizine, or Zyrtec, fexofenadine, or Allegra, and desloratadine, or Clarinex.

Some people still use the over the counter oral anihistamines, such as Benadryl, because they are fast acting but they can also make you sedated by regular use. There are antihistamine eye drops available over the counter and by prescription as well. Over the counter eye drops come as decongestants such as Visine or Naphcon, and combination of decongestant with anti-histamines such as Visine-A or Naphcon-A. Eye drops that contain decongestants, wether they have anti-histamines or not, are only recommended for short term use.

If they are used too much they can actually make the redness and inflammation associated with conjunctivitis more severe. They can also not be used by this with glaucoma and should be used cautiously by this with height blood pressure or heart issues. The FDA has approved Zaditor, previously only available by prescription, for over the counter use. This eye drop contains ketotoifen that works like a anti-histamine as well as prevents the release of chemicals that cause inflammation.

Its over the counter name is Alaway and is okay to use for a more prolonged period of time, unlike other over the counter decongestant eye drops. If over the counter eye drops are not helping, there are also prescription eye drop options. There are five main types of prescription eye drops and they differ on how the medication in them works to help the conjunctivitis. First, there are eye drops that contain the anti-histamine emedastine, which are prescribed for allergic conjunctivitis to be used as needed.

Second there are, eye drops that stabilize mast cells work to prevent allergic conjunctivitis for chronic sufferers. They contain cromolyn (Crolom), lodoxamide (Alomide), nedocromil (Alocril) and pemirolast (Alamast). They need to be used on a daily basis to be fully effective and not just as needed. Third, some of the newest prescription eye drops are going to be a combination of both. They include olopatadine (Patanol), azelastine (Optivar), epinastine (Elestat) and ketotifen (Zaditor). These eye drops not only block histamines but stop the mast cells from being able to release the chemicals that cause the allergic reaction.

Fourth, there are eye drops that contain anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal such as ketorolac (Acular). They are made specifically for treating allergic conjunctivitis and work much like ibuprofen.

Fifth, there are steroidal eye drops the contain corticosteroid. Since they can lead to sever eye problems they can only be used when all else has failed and under close doctor care. One kind is loteprednol (Alrex) that can be used on a short term basis to get an infection under control. Generally they are only used for seven to ten days and with other eye drops listed above.

 

While conjunctivitis is usually not serious and will generally clear up on its own, a doctor should still be consulted. If conjunctivitis is chronic it can cause damage to your eye that is permanent. What is causing the conjunctivitis is going to determine what course of treatment that you will need to take. Bacterial conjunctivitis is treated with eye drops or ointments that have antibiotics in them. Cold or hot compresses can help to alleviate the inflammation and itching associated with bacterial conjunctivitis.

The antibiotic eye drops that are used for bacterial conjunctivitis usually contain sodium sulfacetamide and the antibiotic ointments have erythomycin, neomycin or bacitracin. There are alternative treatments you may want to try to alleviate your symptoms if you have a mild case of conjunctivitis. Just do not forget that bacterial conjunctivitis is highly contagious. It is easily spread from one eye to another and from person to person.

You can start with hot and cold compresses. Be sure that the water you use is sterile and that you use a different towel for each eye. When you are finished the towels should be washed immediately or thrown out. Then you can also combine the use of compresses with eye washes every two hours, alternating between the two therapies. While these will not cure the bacterial conjunctivitis they can help lessen the effects of the symptoms while you wait for it to clear up.

There are supplements and other nutritional remedies that can be used to treat bacterial conjunctivitis. One popular remedy comes in the form of eyewashes and compresses with boric acid. One teaspoon of boric acid can be boiled in one cup of water. The solution is then applied with a sterile eye cup as a wash or you can soak a clean washcloth in it for a hot compress. To help speed up the healing process by boosting the immune system you can up your dosages of vitamin A, C and Zinc.

Herbs have been a treatment for many aliments since ancient times, including bacterial conjunctivitis. They can, however, have interaction with supplements or other medications you are on, so if you are using them then you should consult a doctor before trying herbal treatments. Herbs can be used one at a time or in combinations. You can steep them in boiling water and use the water for an eyewash or compress.

 

When a patient has herpes viral conjunctivitis they may complain that their eye is red, burning and itching. Their eye may have a full sensation, be scratchy and feel as if something is in it. Also they may see watering and a yellow discharge that can crust on the eyelashes while they sleep, often causing them to be unable to open their eyes when they wake. Different types of conjunctivitis have different symptoms.

Herpes viral conjunctivitis is most notably associated with the tearing of the eyes and upper respiratory symptoms. To help clear up herpes viral conjunctivitis prescription eye drops will need to be given. Anaesthetic drops will help to relieve the symptoms. Cold compresses done every couple of hours will also help. Also there needs to be a topical vasoconstrictor prescribed that is used every three to four hours but they should only be used for a few days.

This will help clear the inflammation and redness by constricting the blood vessels in the eye. If no improvement is seen within two days of the beginning of treatment then the patient should return to the doctor. Personal hygiene is vital because herpes viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious. Hands should be washed often and kept away from the eyes. Also any clothes, pillow cases or towels used should be laundered immediately.

Infected eyes should not be patched because this can keep the eye from naturally flushing itself out with the tearing. Other types of conjunctivitis have steroids as a treatment if all else fails but should only be done under close medical supervision. If it is a viral conjunctivitis caused by the herpes simplex, however, steroids should not be used at all. Most viral conjunctivitis cases will simply fix itself on its own and all a patient can do is try to relieve the symptoms while they wait for it to clear up.

Also they should avoid other people as much as possible since it is highly contagious. Children with viral conjunctivitis should be kept home from school until it is all clear. If it is not completely cleared up within two weeks though, a doctor should be seen. If herpes viral conjunctivitis is left untreated for too long when it is severe, it can cause permanent eye damage and blurring. It can also lead to the patient having a permanent sensation of a foreign object in the eye and pain.

 

Conjunctivitis does not generally hurt the eye and may not need to be treated immediately. It is going to depend on what is causing the conjunctivitis. Since most occurrences of conjunctivitis are very contagious, it can be best to treat as quickly as possible. If conjunctivitis is found in a child, it is recommended that they be kept at home away from school until it is completely cleared. If the inflammation in the eye is severe enough that it is affecting the vision, an eye doctor or family physician should be consulted.

Conjunctivitis is easily diagnosed with a complete eye exam where a swab of the eye is taken and tested. If there is a large amount of discharge, a sample of it will be taken. The course of treatment that is taken will normally depend on what is causing the conjunctivitis.

Bacterial conjunctivitis can be treated with antibiotics either in drops or ointments that are prescribed to clear it up. They can get results often within just a few days although the entire prescribed amount needs to be used to keep the infection from reoccurring. To remove crust that may build up on the eyes, cotton wool can be soaked in boiled water that had been cooled and used on the eyes. Different sets of cotton wool should be used for each eye and should be wiped from the inside out.

Harder to treat is viral conjunctivitis because a virus will have to run its course, first becoming worse before it clears slowly by itself. This process can take up to three months. To help with the discomfort while waiting for viral conjunctivitis to clear up, a lubricating ointment can be applied. The ointments can also help to avoid a secondary bacterial infection from forming. It is important to note that while waiting for it to clear up extra special attention needs to be shown to personal hygiene to keep conjunctivitis from spreading or re-infecting the eye. For example you should not use eye makeup and clean your pillow cases.

If the conjunctivitis is being caused by an allergic reaction there are several types of eye drops that can be prescribed. These include decongestants, steroids, antihistamines or anti-inflammatory drops. These drops can be used for just days or weeks depending on their type. Of course the main focus of treatment for allergic conjunctivitis needs to be focused on what the source of the allergen is and getting rid of it.

 

Conjunctivitis is also commonly called pink eye and is an infection of the eye caused when the conjunctiva is inflamed. This is the tissue that makes up the lining of the eye and the insides of the eyelid. Conjunctivitis is generally caused by viral or bacterial infections, making it highly contagious. It is called pink eye because the first sign of the infection is for the eye to turn red. Some of the other symptoms of conjunctivitis besides redness of the eye are: extreme itch, blurry vision, watery eyes, discharge that is yellow causing the eyelashes to crust over, burning and light sensitivity.

Frequently washing the eye(s) with cold water or using cold compresses can help alleviate some of the conjunctivitis symptoms. Conjunctivitis usually can clear up on its own but there are some home remedies that can help, not only to relieve symptoms but also to help cure conjunctivitis. Oil used for aromatherapy can help remedy the discomfort of conjunctivitis. Simply add a few drops to the cold compress. The most helpful are going to be chamomile, lavender or rose.

Washing the eyes with aloe vera juice is also an option for relief or putting cloth soaked in it on the eyes will help to cure conjunctivitis. Some other eye washes you can try at home include, mixing baking soda and water, using Elderberry blossom tea or boiling fennel seed in water. You may also boil cilantro leaves in water, strain them and place them on closed eyes. The most effective is going to be Chamomile tea.

You can wash the eyes with the cooled tea and the place the tea bags on the eyes for ten minutes. It is very effective at reducing the inflammation associated with conjunctivitis and should be done every couple of hours. There are also internal ways to help cure conjunctivitis. Drinking a mixture of spinach and carrot juice will speed up the healing process and should be done for at least ten days. The vegetables are rich in vitamin B2 and A.

Also rich in these vitamins are almonds, whole milk, butter and tomatoes. By increasing the consumption of these vitamins, you will give your body what is needs to fight off the infection. Also you should avoid the use of alcohol or smoking while suffering from conjunctivitis. Avoid rubbing the eyes no matter how much they itch because it will just make the infection worse and spread it. Instead gently wipe the eyes with a fresh towel or handkerchief and wash it immediately or throw it out to stop the spread of the infection.